VOA Special English 基本词汇


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·Parts of speech ·Common Prefixes ·Common Expression ·Organs of The Body
·Words Used in VOA Special English Science Programs

P 开头的词汇

pain - n. a hurt or suffering somewhere in the body

paint - v. to cover with a liquid color; to make a picture with liquid colors; n. a colored liquid used to cover or protect a surface

pan - n. a metal container used for cooking

paper - n. a thin, flat material made from plants or cloth often used for writing

parachute - n. a device that permits a person or thing to fall slowly from an airplane or helicopter to the ground

parade - n. a group of people and vehicles moving together to celebrate a special event or anniversary

pardon - v. to forgive for a crime and release from punishment

parent - n. a father or mother

parliament - n. a government lawmaking group

part - n. something less than the whole; not all of something

party - n. a group of people working together for a political purpose; a group of people or friends gathered together for enjoyment

pass - v. to go by or move around something; to move along; to cause or permit to go

passenger - n. a person travelling by airplane, train, boat or car who is not the pilot or driver

passport - n. a document permitting a person to travel to another country

past - n. the time gone by; the time before; ad. recent; immediately before; former

path - n. a narrow way for walking; a way along which something moves

patient - n. a person being treated by a doctor for a health problem

pay - v. to give money for work done or for something bought

peace - n. the condition of freedom from war, fighting or noise; rest; quiet

people - n. any group of persons; all the persons of a group, race, religion or nation ("the American people")

percent - n. a part of every hundred ("Ten is ten percent of one hundred.")

perfect - ad. complete or correct in every way; completely right or good; without mistakes

perform - v. to speak, dance or sing in front of others

period - n. an amount of time within events, restrictions or conditions

permanent - ad. never changing; lasting for a very long time or for all time

permit - v. to let; to make possible

person - n. a man, woman or child

physical - ad. of the body

physics - n. the study of motion, matter and energy

picture - n. something that shows what another thing looks like; an idea or representation of something as seen by the eye; a painting; what is made with a camera

piece - n. a part of something larger

pig - n. a farm animal used for its meat

pilot - n. one who guides or flies an airplane or helicopter

pipe - n. a long, round piece of material used to move liquid or gas

place - v. to put something somewhere; n. an area or a part of an area; space where a person or thing is; any room, building, town or country

plan - v. to organize or develop an idea or method of acting or doing something ">("They plan to have a party."); n. an organized or developed idea or method ("The plan will not work.")

planet - n. a large object in space that orbits the sun ("Earth is a planet.")

plant - v. to put into the ground to grow; n. a living growth from the ground which gets its food from air, water and earth

plastic - n. a material made from chemicals that can be formed and made into things

play - v. to have fun; to not work; to take part in a sport; to make music on an instrument; n. a story acted in a theater

please - v. to make one happy; to give enjoyment

plenty - n. all that is needed; a large enough amount

plot - v. to make secret plans; n. a secret plan to do something wrong or illegal

poem - n. words and their sounds organized in a special way to express emotions

point - v. to aim one's finger toward; to aim; n. the sharp end of something

poison - n. a substance that can destroy life or damage health

police - n. a government agency responsible for guarding the public, keeping order, and making sure people obey the law; members of that agency

policy - n. an established set of plans or goals used to develop and make decisions in politics, economics or business

politics - n. the activities of government and of those who are in public office

pollute - v. to release dangerous or unpleasant substances into the air, soil or water

poor - n. people with little or no money; ad. lacking money or goods; of bad quality

popular - ad. liked by many people; generally approved by the public

population - n. all the people in a place, city or country

port - n. a city where ships load or unload goods; a place on a coast where ships can be safe from a storm

position - n. a place; the way of holding the body; the way a thing is set or placed; a job (or level of a job) in an organization

possess - v. to have; to own; to control or be controlled by

possible - ad. able to be done; can happen or is expected to happen

postpone - v. to delay action until a later time

pour - v. to flow; to cause to flow

power - n. the ability to control or direct others; control; strength; ruling force; force or energy used to do work ("Water power turns the wheel.")

praise - v. to say good things about; to approve

pray - v. to make a request to a god or spirit; to praise a god or spirit

pregnant - ad. carrying a child within the body before it is born; expecting to give birth to a baby

present - v. to offer for consideration ("We will present our idea to the committee."); n. a gift ("I gave them a present for their anniversary."); now ("The present time is a good time."); ad. to be at a place ("I was present at school yesterday.")

president - n. the chief official of a country that is a republic; the leader of an organization

press - v. to urge strongly; n. newspapers, magazines and other publications

pressure - n. the force produced when something is pushed down or against something else

prevent - v. to keep or stop from going or happening

price - n. the amount of money for which anything is bought, sold or offered for sale

prison - n. a place where a person is kept as punishment for a crime

private - ad. of or about a person or group that is secret; opposite public

prize - n. something offered or won in a competition; something of value that one must work hard for to get

probably - ad. a good chance of taking place; a little more than possible

problem - n. a difficult question or situation with an unknown or unclear answer

process - n. an operation or series of changes leading to a desired result

produce - v. to make; to create; to cause something to be; to manufacture

profession - n. a job that requires special training

professor - n. a teacher at a college or university

profit - n. money gained from a business activity after paying all costs of that activity

program - n. a plan of action; the different events or parts of a meeting or show

progress - n. movement forward or toward improvement or a goal

project - n. a planned effort to do something

propaganda - n. ideas or information used to influence opinions

property - n. anything owned by someone such as land, buildings or goods

propose - v. to present or offer for consideration

protect - v. to guard; to defend; to prevent from being harmed or damaged

protest - v. to speak against; to object

prove - v. to show to be true

provide - v. to give something needed or wanted

public - ad. of or about all the people in a community or country; opposite private

publication - n. something that is published such as a book, newspaper or magazine

publish - v. to make public something that is written; to include something in a book, newspaper or magazine

pull - v. to use force to move something toward the person or thing using the force; opposite push

pump - v. to force a gas or liquid up, into or through

punish - v. to cause pain, suffering or loss for doing something bad or illegal

purchase - v. to buy with money or with something of equal value; n. that which is bought

pure - ad. free from anything that is different or that reduces value; clean

purpose - n. the reason or desired effect for doing something; goal

push - v. to use force to move something away from the person or thing using the force; opposite pull

put - v. to place; to set in position